- May 01, 2018
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What you should know Before starting a Poultry Business
Good Livestock Breed
Getting Good breeds of Layers and Broilers is very paramount for the success of a poultry business. Just like humans, birds also inherit certain traits from their ancestors. These traits could be beneficial or detrimental. A Layer chicken breed from a lineage of healthy parents will have a very high tendency of good health and high quality eggs while layer from a lineage of sickly parents will have a high tendency of frequent sickness and low quality eggs. Layer need good health to produce high quality eggs which is normally the desire of customers and also a key point for customer retention. Customers will always go somewhere else if they are not getting good eggs. Some scientists and farmers specialist in matching different breeds of farm animals to get very fruitful pedigrees good for business. Veterinary doctors can also give counsel on the breed of livestock best for the poultry business. Bad birds in a poultry is bad business. The poultry owner will need to spend so much for good output when raising poor species but will spend less and earn more while breeding good species.
Environment free from weed
It is very important to make sure your poultry is located far away from the bush and also free from long grasses and weed. Snakes and other dangerous reptiles tend to hide and breed along bush prone areas. Chicken eggs are special meals for these reptiles. It is therefore imperative to keep the poultry area free from weed to avoid invasion by unwanted guests. Some snakes don't just feed on chicken eggs but they also feed on chickens. Some snakes may just want to get the eggs but can kill any stubborn hen that resists with a single bite. They shouldn't find a reason to be in the poultry area as this will put the life of the poults in danger.
Easy Access to Veterinary doctor
A Poultry Farmer should consider locating his poultry close to veterinary doctor. Some sicknesses break out of poultries and spread like wild fire capable of killing thousands of poults within hours. It is very important to have a veterinary doctor close to the farm who can render timely services in case of an emergency.
Convenient Easy to Clean Cages
Some cages make cleaning difficult while some make it really easy. Accumulation of dirt over time in a poultry can cause outbreak of certain poultry infections that can kill the poults. The best way to avoid this is to keep the poultry clean at all times. It is easier to keep it clean when the poults are in cages that are quite perforated below that keeps the droppings away from the cage. The water holders to should be one which can be disintegrated and re-integrated for washing and cleaning.
Standard Feasibility Study to Run Poultry
Any Business including a poultry business needs a comprehensive feasibility study to give a clear analysis of running cost and expected revenue quarterly, bi-annually or annually. This will help the poultry farmer to acquire all necessary resources to keep the poultry running. Running short of funds or food mid-way can spell doom. The poults need to be well fed with high quality food to grow well, grow fast, stay healthy and increase egg production for layers. Experimental investments have caused some farmers great loss. It is important to embark on a calculated investment to minimize risks to lowest possible level.
Seasonal Bird Flu:
Getting rid of any dead bird around the poultry immediately and disinfecting the environment can help prevent the deadly spread of Bird flu in the poultry
Bird flu is caused by a types of influenza A virus (for example, H5N1 and H7N9). There are many types of influenza viruses, and most prefer to live in a limited number of animal hosts. Thus, swine flu primarily infects swine, and bird flu primarily infects birds. The seasonal human influenza virus is best adapted to humans. A few rare cases may occur in an accidental host, as when people who have extensive contact with sick birds get the "bird flu." Sometimes, a species-specific flu virus will change (mutate) in a way that makes it easily able to infect other species. If avian influenza mutated to be able to spread easily among people, it would likely cause a serious pandemic. Such a mutation occurred in the so-called "swine flu" virus (H1N1) in 2009 that triggered a pandemic.
Humans may get bird flu from contact with infected birds (chicken, for example) or their droppings or surfaces with infected droppings. Human-to-human spread of bird flu may occur but has been very rare so far. However, if the highly pathogenic strains of bird flu (H5N1, H7N9) mutate to allow them to be easily transmitted from human to human, investigators are concerned that a lethal pandemic could occur in humans. The following section shows how in nature these influenza subtypes may undergo genetic changes that could enhance the viral subtype's contagiousness and/or pathogenicity.
Good Access Road to Poultry
A poultry farmer who intends to increase customer base for egg supplies will definitely need good access road to the farm. A bad road will mean broken eggs. Driving through a rough road will cause losses for the egg distributor or merchant. If he or she has to subsequently bear the loss of broken eggs from time to time, the customer will look for another farm with good road network. It is important to keep this in mind before going into a poultry business.