- Apr 12, 2018
- - 0 comment
Tips for Speaking Good English
WHY DOES GRAMMAR MATTER
Grammar is important because it is the language that makes it possible to communicate verbally in different language. Grammar names the types of words and word groups that make up sentences in English and other languages. Grammar gives access to explore the amazing complex mental capacity of the human mind. Knowing about grammar helps to understand what makes up sentences. It helps to make paragraphs clear, interesting and precise. Knowing about grammar, means finding out that all languages and all dialects follow grammatical patterns.
Grammar facilitates effective verbal and oral communication. It helps to understand the different parts of English and how to integrate them to make a reasonable sentence.
Business communication depends mainly on the understanding of grammar. It is easier to speak in English and other languages than to write. Understanding of grammar helps to document information in such a way that it will be meaningful.
Knowing what to do, how to do it, when to do what, why to do what and with whom to do what is the summary of the interaction that goes on in the business environment. This information can only be understood and replied accordingly when there is grammatical orientation.
E-mails, memos, reports, and minutes can be prepared when there is a standard understanding of the use of English.
WHAT IS GRAMMAR
Grammar is the systematic study and description of a language. It is the body of rules that describe the structure of expressions in English language. It is the inherent of words and sentences.
Grammar can be simply defined as the rules of a language.
HOW GOOD IS YOUR ENGLISH
How good your English is, depend on some factors. This includes your grammatical orientation, familiarity with vocabulary, understanding of pronunciations, association with fluent speakers and consistent verbal communication.
The better your English is, the more information you pass across using a few words. A bad English speaker will need too many words to pass information across.
When talking about the performance of a good student in an exam, an English expert would state that; ‘He outshined his colleagues in the exam’. A bad English speaker will use more words to pass the same information across. He would say ‘When he was writing the exam, he wrote very well, finished the exam in time and passed the exams’. A speaker like this calls for effective verbal communication orientation.
The ability to speak effectively is usually taken as a mark of intellectual endowment. An effective speaker conveys meaning with a clear voice. The speed of speech should be adopted to the type of material and the sophistication of the audience. Pronunciation of words should be accurate.
THE PARTS OF SPEECH IN BRIEF
The major parts of speech are Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions and Interjections.
A noun is the naming part of a sentence. It is classified as proper and common nouns. Proper nouns are names of people, places, months or days. A common noun refers to a group. Common nouns can be concrete or abstract. Concrete nouns can be seen and touched while abstract nouns cannot be seen or touched.
Pronouns are words that can be used in place of nouns and phrases. Pronouns are classified into central and indefinite pronouns. Central pronouns are further classified into personal pronouns, reflective pronouns and possessive pronouns.
Adjectives are words that modify nouns. These include new, tall, beautiful or large.
Verbs are important part of speech. They are used to express the action of a subject in a sentence.
Verbs are classified into finite and non finite verbs, transitive and intransitive verbs, static and dynamic verbs and linking versus non linking verbs. Auxiliary verbs are verbs used to make the meaning of other verbs complete.
Adverbs are words or group of words that answer a question. They are used to modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
Prepositions originally means ‘placed before’. They are function words that indicate various relationships between words and phrases in a sentence.
Conjunctions are words used for joining words or other group of words.
Interjections don’t normally feature in the structure of a sentence. It is a word added to a sentence to convey an emotion or protest a word.
THE FRAME WORK OF ENGLISH
The framework of English is geared towards equipping people on the ability to use language effectively.
One should be able to communicate in speech and writing and to respond with understanding and insight to a wide range of texts.
It is imperative to recognize explicit meanings, select collate and summarize facts and ideas and use appropriate words to demonstrate understanding while reading.
A writer should consider developing a sense of audience and engage a reader’s attention while writing.
Full steps, capital letters, commas, questions marks should be used appropriately to make meaning clear.
English is structured into classes of words, categories of grammar, structure and semantics of noun phrase, adjectives, adverbs, adverbials, and type constituents and functions of a sentence.
All these are integrated together to form the framework of English.
A single sentence comprises of different parts of speech interwoven together.
THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE SENTENCE
A sentence is defined based on the theory of grammar adopted.
A sentence can be classified into parts using two criteria. These criteria are function/meaning and structure.
Sentence based on meaning and function can be perceived to perform the functions of declaring, interrogating and giving imperatives. A question is asked in an interrogative statement. It is imperative when a command is given.
A structure based sentence is classified into three different parts. These are simple sentence, compound sentence and complex sentence.
A simple sentence has two simple sentences connected with a co-ordinate conjunction. This means each sentence can be on its own.
A complex sentence has one independent idea and one or more dependent ones. The dependent ideas are linked to the independent one with subordinating conjunctions.