- Apr 01, 2018
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Why you should Wash your Water Tanks Regularly
Many house owners and tenants keep their water tanks for years before washing or even checking it for cleanliness. This is a great health hazard as many diseases and infections are contacted and spread through dirty water. The infections that are contacted through dirty water can cause great damage to different parts of the body or even lead to death.
The water that is pumped into water tanks get dirtier in dry seasons as the water levels drop. The dirt that is pumped up with it ends up with water tanks and it keeps increasing until the tank is washed.
Ignoring a dirty tank n refusing to wash often can lead to some of the diseases listed below as analyzed by World Health Organization and Other Medical directories.
Leptospirosis: The illness typically progresses through three phases. The first phase of symptoms includes headaches, muscle aches, eye pain with bright lights, followed by chills and fever. Watering and redness of the eyes occur and symptoms seem to improve by day 5 to 9. The second phase of illness begins after a few days of feeling pretty well. The initial symptoms recur with fever and aching with stiffness of the neck. Some patients develop serious inflammation of the nerve to the eye, brain, spinal column (meningitis), or other nerves. The final third phase, from 2 to 4 weeks after the initial infection, features recurrent fever and muscle aching.
An infectious disease caused by a particular type of bacteria called a spirochete transmitted by rats as well as by skunks, opossums, raccoons, foxes, and other vermin. Leptospirosis occurs worldwide but is most commonly acquired in the tropics. About 100 cases of leptospirosis are reported each year in the US. The disease is becoming a greater risk as more people travel to undeveloped areas of the world.
Vibrio Illness: These infections are largely classified into two distinct groups: Vibrio cholera infections and noncholera Vibrio infections. Historically, the noncholera Vibriospecies are classified as halophilic or nonhalophilic, depending on their requirement of sodium chloride for growth.
Diarrhea: This is an increase in the frequency of bowel movements, an increase in the looseness of stool or both.
It is caused by increased secretion of fluid into the intestine, reduced absorption of fluid from the intestine or rapid passage of stool through the intestine.
Symptoms associated with diarrhea include abdominal pain, especially cramping. Other symptoms depend on the cause of the diarrhea.
Diarrhea can be defined absolutely or relatively. Absolute diarrhea is defined as more than five bowel movements a day or liquid stools. Relative diarrhea is defined as an increase in the number of bowel movements per day or an increase in the looseness of stools compared with an individual's usual bowel habit.
Cholera: This disease is an extremely virulent disease that can cause severe acute watery diarrhoea. It takes between 12 hours and 5 days for a person to show symptoms after ingesting contaminated food or water (2). Cholera affects both children and adults and can kill within hours if untreated.
Most people infected with V. cholerae do not develop any symptoms, although the bacteria are present in their faeces for 1-10 days after infection and are shed back into the environment, potentially infecting other people.
Among people who develop symptoms, the majority have mild or moderate symptoms, while a minority develop acute watery diarrhoea with severe dehydration. This can lead to death if left untreated.
Dysentery: This is an infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the intestine, abdominal pain, and diarrhea with stools that often contain blood and mucus. Dysentery is a significant cause of illness and death in young children, particularly those who live in less-developed countries. There are two major types: bacillary dysentery and amebic dysentery, caused respectively by bacteria and by amoebas.
Polio: Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children. The virus is transmitted by person-to-person spread mainly through the faecal-oral route or, less frequently, by a common vehicle (e.g. contaminated water or food) and multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis.
Initial symptoms of polio include fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness in the neck, and pain in the limbs. In a small proportion of cases, the disease causes paralysis, which is often permanent. There is no cure for polio, it can only be prevented by immunization.
Typhoid Fever: Typhoid fever, also known as enteric fever, is a potentially fatal multisystemic illness caused primarily by Salmonella enterica, subspecies enterica serovar typhi and, to a lesser extent, related serovars paratyphi A, B, and C.
The protean manifestations of typhoid fever make this disease a true diagnostic challenge. The classic presentation includes fever, malaise, diffuse abdominal pain, and constipation. Untreated, typhoid fever is a grueling illness that may progress to delirium, obtundation, intestinal hemorrhage, bowel perforation, and death within 1 month of onset. Survivors may be left with long-term or permanent neuropsychiatric complications.
Salmonella and E. coli Infection: Salmonella is bacteria that can be found in egg yolks, raw and undercooked poultry, fish, shrimp and in dairy products. You can also get salmonella if you come in contact with the feces of pet reptiles, such as turtles, lizards and snakes, and then eat without properly washing your hands. Salmonella bacteria pass through the stomach and go into your intestine. They bind to the wall, penetrate it and go to your liver or spleen.
Coli bacteria cause severe food poisoning. E. coli is the bacteria most likely to cause bacterial diarrhea in the United States, according to Penn State. You can find it in dairy products, ground beef, chickens, cattle, flies, ponds and streams.
Contaminated water can spread E. coli to fruits and vegetables. E. coli is particularly dangerous to small children and the elderly who may not be able to tolerate the blood and fluid loss that accompanies E. coli.
Hepatitis A and E: Viral hepatitis is transmitted by food or water contaminated by fecal material. It is a serious inflammatory disease of the liver that is associated with poor sanitation and is common in developing countries. Two different viruses are commonly associated with fecal-borne hepatitis: hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV).
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS): This is a contagious and sometimes fatal respiratory illness. SARS first appeared in China in November 2002. Within a few months, SARS spread worldwide, carried by unsuspecting travelers.
SARS showed how quickly infection can spread in a highly mobile and interconnected world. On the other hand, concerted international cooperation allowed health experts to quickly contain the spread of the disease. There has been no known transmission of SARS anywhere in the world since 2004.