- Nov 28, 2017
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7 Common Problem That Can Spoil Your PC And Its Solution
1. HOW TO RESTORE A SYSTEM IMAGE ON YOUR WINDOWS COMPUTER
The only time you need to restore a system image on your Windows PC is when the entire hard drive is dead, missing, or replaced with a cheese sandwich. With all that data gone, you have to rely upon three items:
- A recovery volume: Use this media to start the PC and access the Windows Recovery Environment. The tools presented help you navigate through recovery.
- The system image: Use this information to restore Windows and other partitions as a base to rebuild your computer system. Tools on the recovery volume help you use the system image information.
- File History: Finally, with Windows restored, you run the File History program to recover your PC’s lost files and programs.
You don’t need to restore a system image if you merely need to recover from a Windows disaster. The first thing you should try is System Restore. Second, you can try to reset the PC. Otherwise, the process of using the system image works like this:
- Start the PC by using the Windows Recovery Environment.
- Choose Troubleshoot.
- Choose Advanced Options.
- Choose System Image Recovery.
Point the system image recovery tool at the location of the system image files, and then sit back and wait as the system is rebuilt.
Yes, the process is more complex than four simple steps. For example, you may need a replacement hard drive. The good news is that you have the system image if you need it. Along with a recent backup, you can fully restore your system no matter what happens to the computer.
2. HOW TO CREATE THE SYSTEM IMAGE FOR YOUR WINDOWS COMPUTER
If you haven’t already, create a system image for your Windows computer. This is a backup copy of Windows that you can use to rebuild the system if disaster strikes the PC’s primary storage device. Follow these steps:
- Tap the Windows key.
- Type backup.
Choose the item Backup and Restore (Windows 7) Control Panel from the list of search results.
The Windows 7 Backup program is still available on your Windows 10 computer. You can use it as the PC’s backup software, though File History is better. For these steps, however, your purpose is instead to create a system image.
On the left side of the window, choose Create a System Image.
The Create a System Image wizard runs.
- Choose a location for the system image.
Click the Next button.
The wizard lists drives (partitions) to save with the system image. If your PC features UEFI and Recovery volumes, they’re automatically included in the list along with drive C, the PC’s primary storage device.
Add other drives to the items included in the system image backup.
Adding any other drives is not recommended, unless you’re certain that they’re not being backed up.
Click the Next button.
Review the system image backup details on the screen.
Click the Start Backup button to create the system image.
Windows creates the system image file on the media you selected. The amount of time this process takes depends on the amount of data backed up and the connection speed.
When the process is complete, you may see a prompt asking whether you want to create a system repair disk. The repair disk, or recovery volume, is what makes the system image useful. If you don’t already have a repair disk, create one: Click Yes and follow the directions on the screen.
- You need only one copy of the system image. This process isn’t something you must repeat every so often. When you have the system image, you can restore it later, should you need to.
• Beyond security, another limitation of using network storage is that the computer must have network access if you plan to rebuild the system. If you must boot into safe mode to restore the system, ensure that you enable networking.
- You can use the Windows 7 Backup and Restore program to restore files from an older Windows computer. In the Backup and Restore (Windows 7) window, click the link Select Another Backup to Restore Files From, and then browse for the older computer’s backup files.
BROWSING FILE HISTORY
For a full view of files and folders that are backed up on your PC, you can use the File History browser. You might find this file recovery method better than hunting down files and folders and right‐clicking on them. The File History browser window is shown here.
To visit the File History window, follow these directions:
- Tap the Windows key.
- Type File History
Choose the item Restore Your Files with File History.
It probably won’t be the top item in the search results.
This list of items you see in the File History window match those folders you selected for backup when File History was configured.
To restore an item, select it and then click the big green Restore button. As with restoring individual files, you’ll be prompted about whether you want to replace the original file.
If you want to restore a file, folder, or group to a specific folder, click the Gear icon and choose the Restore To command. Select a folder for the backup files.
Use the left and right arrows to browse your file history. The backup date and time are shown at the top of the window.
- Click the Next button.
3. RECOVERING AN OLDER VERSION OF A FILE WITH FILE HISTORY
The File History utility in Windows gets its name from its capability to recover older versions of a file. This feature is part of all backup programs, though it’s often called Restore. The idea is the same: From the backup archive, you pluck an older version of a file. The File History feature makes it easy.
To pluck an older version of a file from the backup drive, follow these steps:
Right‐click the file.
You can also right‐click a folder to recover all its contents.
Choose Restore Previous Versions from the shortcut menu.
The file or folder’s Properties dialog box appears, with the Previous Versions tab upfront, as shown here.That’s it. You’re done: Go to Step 4. Otherwise, you see a list of older copies of the file.
Choose a previous version from the list.
Ideally, you should select the most recent version, though if you’re after an ancient version of the file or folder, you can pluck it from the list instead.Your next step depends on what you want to do with the older version of the file:
- To replace the current version: Choose Restore, and then choose Replace the File in the Destination. The current file is replaced with the backup.
- To keep both the current version and restored backup: Click the Restore button’s menu and choose Restore To. Select a destination folder for the recovered file.
- To preview the archived copy: Click the Open button. The file isn’t restored, but you can peruse its contents to see whether it contains the information you need.
- Close the file or folder’s Properties dialog box when you’re done.
When no previous versions exist, you see the message
There Are No Previous Versions Available after Step 2. This means the file is new and hasn’t been backed up, that the file hasn’t changed, or that a backup copy doesn’t exist.
- The File History utility isn’t a substitute for recovering a file from the Recycle Bin; if you delete a file, you need to recover it from the Recycle Bin.
- File History works only on files in folders you’ve selected when configuring the utility .
4. HOW TO SELECT FOLDERS FOR BACKUP ON YOUR COMPUTER
The File History feature in Windows 10 automatically selects your user account’s folders for inclusion in the backup. All files in the listed folders, as well as files in subfolders, are backed up. To check the list, and change the list of folders, follow these steps:
- Press Win+I to visit the Settings app.
- Choose Update & Security.
- Choose Backup from the list on the left side of the window.
Choose More Options.
You see the Backup Options screen, illustrated here.
Below the heading Back Up These Folders (toward the bottom), you see a list of folders monitored for inclusion in the File History feature. Refer to the figure for the specific location.
The list of folders is pretty much identical to the folders in your user account (or user profile) folder.
Add two folders to the list:
C:\Program Files (x86)
These folders hold your programs. Should anything bad happen to the hard drive, you’ll want to restore those programs as well, which is why you need to add them to the list.
To add folders to the list, click the Add a Folder button and use the Select Folder dialog box to locate each folder. Open the Drive C icon to find both folders.
You can add other folders as well, if you don’t see them in the list. Review the list carefully to ensure that the folders you use are all there; not every folder in your account’s folder is listed. For example, cloud storage folders aren’t listed, which is normal because these folders are backed up on the cloud.
5. FIREWALL RULES
When you allow or block a program through the firewall on your Windows PC, you create a firewall rule. Windows presets a bunch of firewall rules, and some programs create rules when they’re installed. To view the list of rules, follow these steps:
- Tap the Windows key and type Windows Firewall.
Choose Windows Firewall Control Panel from the search results.
The Windows Firewall window appears.
On the left side of the window, click the Advanced Settings link.
The Windows Firewall with Advanced Security console appears.
The center part of the console window lists basic firewall actions. These actions say the same thing: Disallowed inbound or outbound connections are blocked. To see more specifics, choose a category such as Inbound Rules from the left side of the window, illustrated here.
Each program or service features an inbound rule, outbound rule, or both. The rule can be enabled or disabled, or it can be deleted to remove the rule and have the firewall prompt again for access.
The details shown in the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security console are nerdy. Yet it’s a useful location if you mistakenly allow a program and want to block it again: Select the program’s rule and press the Delete key to remove it.
6. HOW TO DEAL WITH A WINDOWS FIREWALL ALERT
You see firewall warnings on your Windows PC during one of two situations. First, because you’re using a new program that accesses the Internet. Second, because something sneaky is trying to access the Internet or get into your computer from the Internet. In both situations, the firewall is unfamiliar with what’s going on, so you’re warned.
A typical firewall warning is shown here. The one you see on your screen may look different, but your actions remain the same:
Did you just start that program or do something that caused the program to ask for access? If so, allow the access. If not, deny access.
For example, if you’re running an online, multiplayer game for the first time, you may see the firewall warning. That’s an allowed use. On the other hand, if you see the firewall warning and don’t recognize the program or you’re not doing anything that requires Internet access, block the program.